Bài viết này mình xin chia sẻ cho các bạn đang luyện thi ielts cách viết Introduction trong IELTS Writing task 2, các bạn đã sẵn sàng vào bài học chưa nhỉ?
Xem thêm bài viết:
- Bằng IELTS, chứng chỉ IELTS và những điều bạn cần biết
- Luyện thi IELTS, học IELTS ở đâu tốt nhất Hà Nội?
- Bí quyết luyện thi IELTS cấp tốc tại nhà hiệu quả
PHƯƠNG PHÁP: Phần Introduction trong IELTS Writing task 2 sẽ cần 2 câu: 1. Giới thiệu topic của bài (viết bằng cách paraphrase lại câu đề bài) 2. Trả lời câu hỏi đề bài một cách chung chung (Có 5 dạng chính khi thi ielts task 2: Opinion, Discuss, Discuss + opinion, Problems + Solutions, 2-part question. Với mỗi dạng ta có 1 template trả lời cho phần này riêng).
Lời khuyên khi viết Introduction của task 2: 1. Viết nhanh, ngắn gọn. Lưu ý là phần thân bài mới quan trọng và cần dành thời gian nhiều, không phải Introduction. 2. Không để dành bất cứ quan điểm nào vào phần kết luận. Nếu đề bài hỏi quan điểm bản thân -> viết ngay ở phần introduction
VÍ DỤ: Cùng quan sát các ví dụ sau và xem cách thầy Simon trả lời cho từng dạng câu hỏi.
I) OPINION: Quan điểm “hoàn toàn”
Ex1: Some people think that all teenagers should be required to do unpaid work in their free time to help the local community. They believe this would benefit both the individual teenager and society as a whole. Do you agree or disagree? -> INTRODUCTION: Many young people work on a volunteer basis, and this can only be beneficial for both the individual and society as a whole. However, I do not agree that we should therefore force all teenagers to do unpaid work. Ex 2: Foreign visitors should pay more than local visitors for cultural and historical attractions. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? It is sometimes argued that tourists from overseas should be charged more than local residents to visit important sites and monuments. I completely disagree with this idea.
Quan điểm “một phần”
When choosing a job, the salary is the most important consideration. To what extent do you agree or disagree? -> INTRODUCTION: Many people choose their jobs based on the size of the salary offered. Personally, I disagree with the idea that money is the key consideration when deciding on a career, because I believe that other factors are equally important.
II) DISCUSSION: Some people believe that studying at university or college is the best route to a successful career, while others believe that it is better to get a job straight after school. Discuss both views. -> INTRODUCTION: When they finish school, teenagers face the dilemma of whether to get a job or continue their education. While there are benefits to getting a job straight after school, there are also good reasons why it might be beneficial to go to college or university.
III) DISCUSSION + OPINION: Some people regard video games as harmless fun, or even as a useful educational tool. Others, however, believe that videos games are having an adverse effect on the people who play them. In your opinion, do the drawbacks of video games outweigh the benefits? -> INTRODUCTION: Many people, and children in particular, enjoy playing computer games. While I accept that these games can sometimes have a positive effect on the user, I believe that they are more likely to have a harmful impact.
IV) PROBLEMS + SOLUTIONS In the developed world, average life expectancy is increasing. What problems will this cause for individuals and society? Suggest some measures that could be taken to reduce the impact of ageing populations. -> INTRODUCTION: It is true that people in industrialised nations can expect to live longer than ever before. Although there will undoubtedly be some negative consequences of this trend, societies can take steps to mitigate these potential problems.
V) 2-PART QUESTION Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology. In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships that people make? Has this been a positive or negative development? -> INTRODUCTION: It is true that new technologies have had an influence on communication between people. Technology has affected relationships in various ways, and in my opinion there are both positive and negative effects.