Bài viết này trang tailieuielts.net sẽ giới thiệu tới các bạn 15 Collocations hay chủ đề "government" - P1` đây là những Collocations mà các bạn sẽ dễ gặp phải và có thể dùng trong bài thi IELTS


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  1. toabide by


Meaning; (formal) to accept and act according to a law, an agreement, etc.


Exampe: Motorists who do not abide by the rules of the road should be severely punished.




  1. parliamentary democracy


Meaning: a system of government in which candidates are voted to represent the people of a country in a national parliament or assembly


Example: Freedom of speech is usually one of the rights enjoyed by citizens in a parliamentary democracy.




  1. to adhere to


Meaning: to behave according to a particular law, rule, set of instructions,


Example: Governments which fail to adhere to their election promises generally become unpopular very quickly.




  1. constitutional government


Meaning: connected with the laws which a country is governed by


Example:The media have an important role to play in reporting on the actions of politicians, to ensure the proper functioning of constitutional government.




  1. the executive branch


Meaning: that part of the government organisation responsible for implementing laws and decisions


Example: The enforcement of policies affecting schools and hospitals is the responsibility of theexecutive branch of the government.




  1. the legislative branch


Meaning: that part of the government responsible for making laws


Example: Laws relating to human rights have been passed by the legislative branch of many national governments.




  1. the separation of powers


Meaning: the principle that separates government authority into three branches – legislative (the Parliament or Senate), executive (the President or


Ministers) and the judiciary (the judges and courts).


Example: In the USA, the independence of the courts from the government is safeguarded by the separation of powers.




  1. to adopt policies


Meaning: to start to use particular policies


Example: In order to deal with traffic congestion, the government must adopt policies to restrict the use of private cars.




  1. to impose spending cuts


Meaning: to introduce new rules to spend less money on something


Example: It is essential for the authorities to impose spending cuts on space programs in order to fund health services.




  1. to raise taxes on


Meaning: to increase the amount of tax on something


Example: Governments should raise taxes on cigarettes to persuade more people to give up smoking.




  1. to curb public spending on


Meaning: to restrict what the government spends on something


Example: I would argue that it is preferable to curb public spending on building new roads rather than to impose spending cuts on education.




  1. to allocate resources to


Meaning: to make money and materials available to do something


Example: If governments allocate more resources to improving public transport, this will reduce the problem of traffic congestion in cities.




  1. to introduce restrictions on


Meaning: to limit what people can do or what can happen


Example: The government must introduce restrictions on smoking in public places.




  1. to infringe on/upon something


Meaning: to limit somebody’s legal rights


Example: Governments must sometimes infringe upon individual freedoms in the wider interests of society.




  1. to be a government priority


Meaning: something which is so important that the government should deal with it first.


Example: In developing countries, spending on health and education should be top government priorities.