Tiếp tục với bài học những Collocations tiếng Anh cho chủ đề môi trường - governments một chủ đề mà bất bạn nào ôn thi IELTS cũng nên có kiến thức bởi bạn sẽ rất dễ gặp phải những câu hỏi trong bài thi IELTS hỏi về môi trường. Những collocations chia sẻ dưới đây các bạn nhất định phải học nhé! Ngoài ra, bạn có thể xem lại phần 1 tại Đây
- to prioritize expenditure on
Meaning: to put the need to spend money on certain things first
Example: I believe that it is important to prioritize expenditure on medical research in order to save lives.
- to provide funding for
Meaning: to give money to enable something to be done
Example: Providing funding for health care must be a priority of governments.
- high on the agenda
Meaning: something which is among the first things in the list of actions to be taken
Example: The rehabilitation of prisoners must be high on the agenda of prison authorities everywhere.
- to exert pressure on
Meaning: to use power to influence somebody or something
Example: Environmental organisations should exert pressure on governments to invest in renewable energy projects.
- to form a pressure group
Meaning: to organize a group of people who try to influence the government to achieve the action that they want.
Example: Activists in my country have formed a pressure group to persuade the government to close nuclear power stations.
- to provide public subsidies for
Meaning: to give government money to reduce the costs of services or to produce goods in order to keep the price low
Example: In order to promote agriculture that is environmentally-friendly, the government should provide public subsidies for organic farmers.
- international bodies
Meaning: organizations which operate in many countries
Example: National governments ought to give funds to international bodies, like the Red Cross and the United Nations, to deal with emergency situations.
- national and local authorities
Meaning: government organizations acting at a national level or within a smaller, local area
Example: Tackling crime is a responsibility of both national and local authorities.
- non-governmental organizations: NGOs
Meaning: a charity or association that is independent of government or business
Example: Individuals could donate money to NGOs to help others in need of food, shelter and medical services.
- to campaign for something
Meaning: to take part in a series of activities in order to achieve a specific aim.
Example: People who are concerned about the environment should campaign for stricter controls on pollution.
- government decision-making
Meaning: the process of deciding about something official
Example: Pressure groups are sometimes able to influence government decision-making.
- to impose an official ban on
Meaning: to say or declare that something is not allowed
Example: Governments ought toimpose an official ban on the use of mobile phones on public transport.
- government sponsorship
Meaning: the act of providing financial support by the government
Example: Government sponsorshipof the arts is necessary if creative talent is to be encouraged.
- a welfare state
Meaning: a taxation system which allows governments to provide for the economic and social well-being of its citizens
Example: In order to eradicate poverty, I believe that a welfare state should be established in all developing countries.
- a stopgap measure
Meaning: a policy or action adopted for a short time until some more permanent solution is found
Example: Building more prisons will not solve the problem of rising crime rates, but it is a stopgap measure which the government must take to protect ordinary citizens.Xem thêm bài viết: