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  1. in the middle of or during something, especially something that causes excitement or fear

Example: He finished his speech amid tremendous applause.

  1. Surrounded by something

Example:  The hotel was in a beautiful position amid lemon groves.

Apropos/Apropos of

Regarding, concerning or related to somebody/something

Example: Apropos our date for lunch, I cannot go.


With one leg on each side of something, situated on both sides of something; lying across or over; spanning

Example:  Rights groups urged the Indonesian government to block a proposed law banning women from sitting astride motorcycles in deeply Islamic Aceh province, where the position is deemed “improper”.


  1. Across, from one side to the other Example:    They put a table athwart the doorway.
  2. Not agreeing with, opposite to Example: His statement ran athwart what was previously said.


On top of, at the top of Example:  Fruit and vegetable prices rose 1.3 per cent atop a 2 per cent gain last month.


Except for, unless there is/are

Example:  Barring accidents, we should arrive on time.


  1. In or to a lower position than somebody/something; under somebody/something Example: They found the body buried beneath a pile of leaves.
  2. Not good enough for somebody Example: He considers such jobs beneath him.


  1. Next to or at the side of somebody/something Example: He sat beside her all night.
  2. Compared with somebody/something Example: My painting looks childish beside yours.


In addition to somebody/something; apart from somebody/something

Example: Besides working as a doctor, he also writes novels in his spare time.


  1. On or to the further side of something Example:  The road continues beyond the village up into the hills.
  2. Later than a particular time Example:I know what I’ll be doing for the next three weeks but I haven’t thought beyond that.
  3. More than something Example:Our success was far beyond what we thought possible.
  4. Used to say that something is not possible Example: The situation is beyond our control.
  5. Too far or too advanced for somebody/something Example: The exercise was beyond the abilities of most of the class.


(used with dates) about, in approximately

Example: She was born circa 1920.


About something, involving somebody/something

Example:  All cases concerning children are dealt with in a special children’s court.

Synonyms Apropos, Regarding, Respecting, With respect to, As for, As regards, In respect of, With regard to, In regard to


Used to show that you are thinking about a particular fact, and are influenced by it, when you make a statement about something

Example: Considering he has only just started, he knows quite a lot about it.

Despite/In spite of

Used to show that something happened or is true although something else might have happened to prevent it

Example:  Despite applying for hundreds of jobs, he is still out of work.

Except/Except for/Apart from/Aside from

Used before mentioning the only thing or person about which a statement is not true

Example: We work every day except Sunday.


Not including

Example:  Lunch cost 10 dollars per person, excluding drinks.


Used to introduce a suggestion that could be considered if the one just mentioned is not possible

Example: Ask a friend to recommend a doctor or, failing that, ask for a list in your local library.


After or as a result of a particular event

Example: He took charge of the family business following his father’s death.