Tiếp tục với bài viết giới từ hữu ích chinh phục 7.0+ IELTS. Hôm nay chúng ta sẽ học tiếp phần 2. Các bạn xem lại phần 1 Tại đây nhé! Xem thêm bài viết: 

Given

When you consider something Example: Given his age (Considering how old he is), he is remarkably active.

Including

Having something as part of a group or set Example: Six people were killed in the riot, including a policeman.

Notwithstanding

Without being affected by something; despite something Example: Notwithstanding some financial problems, the club has had a successful year.

Onto

  1. Used with verbs to express movement on or to a particular place or position Example: She stepped down from the train onto the platform.
  2. Used to show that something faces in a particular direction Example: The window looked out onto the terrace.

Opposite

  1. On the other side of a particular area from somebody/something, and usually facing them
Example: The bank is opposite the supermarket.
  1. Acting in a film or plays as the partner of somebody
Example: She starred opposite Tom Hanks.

Past

  1. Later than something
Example: It was past midnight when we got home.
  1. On or to the other side of somebody/something Example: He hurried past them without stopping.
  2. Above or further than a particular point or stage Example: Unemployment is now past the 3 million mark.

Per

Used to express the cost or amount of something for each Example: This country has a higher crime rate per 100,000 of the population than most other European countries.

Qua

As something, in the role of something Example:  The soldier acted qua soldier, not as a human being.

Regarding

Concerning/about somebody/something Example: She has said nothing regarding your request.

Respecting/With respect to

Concerning Example:  information respecting the child’s whereabouts Sans (writing) Without Example: There were no potatoes so we had fish and chips sans the chips.

Save/Save for

Except something Example: They knew nothing about her save her name.

Throughout

  1. In or into every part of something
Example: They export their products to markets throughout the world.
  1. During the whole period of time of something
Example:  The museum is open daily throughout the year.

Towards

  1. In the direction of somebody/something
Example:  They were heading towards the German border.
  1. Getting closer to achieve something
Example:  This is a first step towards political union.
  1. Close or closer to a point in time
Example: towards the end of April
  1. In relation to somebody/something
Example:  He was tender and warm towards her.
  1. With the aim of obtaining something, or helping somebody to obtain something
Example: The money will go towards a new school.

Underneath

  1. Under or below something else, especially when it is hidden or covered by the thing on top
Example: The coin rolled underneath the piano.
  1. Used to talk about somebody’s real feelings or character, as opposed to the way they seem to be
Example:  Underneath her cool exterior she was really very frightened.

Upon

Formal use of “on” Example: The decision was based upon two considerations.

Versus

Used to compare two different things Example:  It was the promise of better job opportunities versus the inconvenience of moving away and leaving her friends.

Via

  1. Through a place
Example:  We flew home via Dubai.
  1. By means of a particular person, system…
Example: The news programme came to us via satellite

Within

  1. Before a particular period of time has passed; during a particular period of time Example: Two elections were held within the space of a year.
  2. Not further than a particular distance from something Example:  a house within a mile of the station
  3. Inside the range or limits of something Example: The question is not within the scope of this talk.
  4. Inside somebody/something Example: There is discontent within the farming industry.
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