Bài viết này trang tailieuielts.net sẽ giới thiệu tới các bạn 15 Collocations hay chủ đề “government” – P1` đây là những Collocations mà các bạn sẽ dễ gặp phải và có thể dùng trong bài thi IELTS
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- toabide by
Meaning; (formal) to accept and act according to a law, an agreement, etc.
Exampe: Motorists who do not abide by the rules of the road should be severely punished.
- parliamentary democracy
Meaning: a system of government in which candidates are voted to represent the people of a country in a national parliament or assembly
Example: Freedom of speech is usually one of the rights enjoyed by citizens in a parliamentary democracy.
- to adhere to
Meaning: to behave according to a particular law, rule, set of instructions,
Example: Governments which fail to adhere to their election promises generally become unpopular very quickly.
- constitutional government
Meaning: connected with the laws which a country is governed by
Example:The media have an important role to play in reporting on the actions of politicians, to ensure the proper functioning of constitutional government.
- the executive branch
Meaning: that part of the government organisation responsible for implementing laws and decisions
Example: The enforcement of policies affecting schools and hospitals is the responsibility of theexecutive branch of the government.
- the legislative branch
Meaning: that part of the government responsible for making laws
Example: Laws relating to human rights have been passed by the legislative branch of many national governments.
- the separation of powers
Meaning: the principle that separates government authority into three branches – legislative (the Parliament or Senate), executive (the President or
Ministers) and the judiciary (the judges and courts).
Example: In the USA, the independence of the courts from the government is safeguarded by the separation of powers.
- to adopt policies
Meaning: to start to use particular policies
Example: In order to deal with traffic congestion, the government must adopt policies to restrict the use of private cars.
- to impose spending cuts
Meaning: to introduce new rules to spend less money on something
Example: It is essential for the authorities to impose spending cuts on space programs in order to fund health services.
- to raise taxes on
Meaning: to increase the amount of tax on something
Example: Governments should raise taxes on cigarettes to persuade more people to give up smoking.
- to curb public spending on
Meaning: to restrict what the government spends on something
Example: I would argue that it is preferable to curb public spending on building new roads rather than to impose spending cuts on education.
- to allocate resources to
Meaning: to make money and materials available to do something
Example: If governments allocate more resources to improving public transport, this will reduce the problem of traffic congestion in cities.
- to introduce restrictions on
Meaning: to limit what people can do or what can happen
Example: The government must introduce restrictions on smoking in public places.
- to infringe on/upon something
Meaning: to limit somebody’s legal rights
Example: Governments must sometimes infringe upon individual freedoms in the wider interests of society.
- to be a government priority
Meaning: something which is so important that the government should deal with it first.
Example: In developing countries, spending on health and education should be top government priorities.