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+ Noun: Spending = expenditure/ spender = consumer (người chi tiêu = người tiêu dùng)
+ Verb (active form): spend = use one’s money (chi tiêu = dùng tiền của ai)
+ Verb (passive form): be spent on = be allocated for = be used for = be expended = be paid out for
(được chi tiêu cho cái gì = được phân bổ cho = được dùng cho = được trả cho)
+ Around $800 per person was spent on IELTS books by Vietnamese consumers in 2017.
+ Germans were the lowest overall spenders, with roughly the same figures (just under £150,000) for each of the six products.
+ Spending on IELTS books increased dramatically to $800 in 2017.
+ Among US consumers, in 1990 $1 billion was spent on clothes, while the expenditure on holidays was almost double this figure.
+ Almost half of government spending was allocated for health and education.
+ Noun: X consumption = X use/ the amount of X used/ consumed (Tiêu dùng cho X = Việc sử X/ Lượng X được dùng/ tiêu thụ)
+ Verb: consume = use (Dùng = tiêu thụ)
+ The charts compare the amount of water used for agriculture, industry and homes around the world, and water use in Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
+ We can also see that water consumption was considerably higher in Brazil than in the Congo.
+ The amount/The quantity of ice cream consumed fell from 5000 litres in 2004 to 3750 litres in 2007.
– INTERNET USAGE
+ Noun: Internet usage (việc sử dụng internet)
+ the population who used the Internet = people who used the Internet = people using the Internet = people who had access to the Internet = people accessing the Internet = Internet users
(dân số sử dụng Internet = người dân sử dụng Internet = người có kết nối với Internet = người sử dụng Internet)
+ Verb: use = access = connected to
+ Almost 100% of Canadians used the Internet, compared to about 80% of Americans and only 40% of Mexicans.
+ Overall, a much larger percentage of Canadians and Americans had access to the Internet in comparison with Mexicans, and Canada experienced the fastest growth in Internet usage.
+ 50% of people using the Internet in the US are teenagers.
+ The number of Internet users rose sharply in Vietnam after 2002.
+ China witnessed an incredible growth in Internet usage over a period of 10 years.
+ The chart shows that in 2002, 50 million people had access to the Internet in Russia, compared with 70 million ten years later.
+ Noun: production, manufacture, generation
+ the amount of X produced/ the amount of X made by…/ the amount of X manufactured/the quantity of energy generated/the quantity of electricity generated (lượng X được sản xuất/ làm ra bởi)
+ Verb: to produce = to make = to manufacture = to generate (electricity/energy)
(sản xuất = làm ra = tạo ra (điện, năng lượng))
+ Total electricity production/generation increased dramatically from 1980 to 2000 in both Australia and France.
+ The pie charts compare the amount of electricity produced/generated using five different sources of fuel in two countries over two separate years.
+ The amount of rice produced in Thailand increased by 25%.
+ The amount of leather manufactured in the Dominican Republic increased between 1970 and 1975.
+ No one can predict the the number of trainers that will made by China this year.